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Standard three tab shingle contains a flat layer with no dimensional “thickness” to it. Standard three tab shingles are typically rated for 60 mph winds.
Laminated shingles, also known as architectural shingles, are a type of shingle that provides more support than the traditional, 3-tab strip shingle and gives the illusion of a slate or wooden roof for only a fraction of the cost. Laminated shingles are created by attaching two shingles together instead of using only one. This process adds to their overall strength and durability.
A shake is a basic wooden shingle that is made from split logs. Shakes have traditionally been used for roofing and siding applications around the world. Higher grade shakes are typically used for roofing purposes, while the lower grades are used for siding purposes. In either situation, properly installed shakes provide long lasting weather protection and a rustic aesthetic, though they require more maintenance than some other more modern weatherproofing systems.
The term shake is sometimes used as a colloquialism for all wood shingles, though shingles are sawed rather than split.
Roof tiles are designed mainly to keep out rain, and are traditionally made from locally available materials such as clay or slate. Modern materials such as concrete and plastic are also used and some clay tiles have a waterproof glaze. A large number of shapes (or "profiles") of roof tiles have evolved.
Roof tiles are 'hung' from the framework of a roof by fixing them with nails. The tiles are usually hung in parallel rows, with each row overlapping the row below it to exclude rainwater and to cover the nails that hold the row below. There are also roof tiles for special positions, particularly where the planes of the several pitches meet. They include ridge, hip and valley tiles.These can either be bedded and pointed in cement mortar or mechanically fixed.
Slate can be made into roofing slates, which are installed by a slater and are a type of roof shingle, or more specifically a type of roof tile. Slate has two lines of breakability: cleavage and grain, which make it possible to split the stone into thin sheets. When broken, slate retains a natural appearance while remaining relatively flat and easy to stack.
Slate is particularly suitable as a roofing material as it has an extremely low water absorption index, less than 0.4%, which makes it resistant to frost damage.
Slate roof tiles are usually fixed either with nails, or with hooks as is common with Spanish slate.
A rain gutter is a narrow channel, or trough, forming the component of a roof system which collects and diverts rainwater shed by the roof.
The main purpose of a rain gutter is to protect a building's foundation by channeling water away from its base. The gutter also helps to reduce erosion, prevents leaks in basements and crawlspaces, protects painted or stained surfaces by reducing exposure to water, and provides a means to collect rainwater for later use.
Siding is the outer covering or cladding of a house meant to shed water and protect from the effects of weather. On a building that uses siding, it may act as a key element in the aesthetic beauty of the structure and directly influence its property value.
Siding may be formed of horizontal or vertical boards, shingles, or sheet materials.